Humans eat only a few species of livestock, but eat hundreds of different kinds of fish. How do consumers know that the species they are eating is actually what is listed on the menu or on the packaging? After all, many different species of fish look the same on the inside…
We explain different kinds of fishery management policies and tools, weigh their outcomes, and discuss how they fit into management frameworks. However, the complexity and nuance of fishery management must be viewed through a lens of enforcement and capacity.
About half of the world’s seafood is wild-caught and about half is raised in farms (i.e. aquaculture). Wild fisheries are a complex and fascinating natural resource—they are extractive yet renewable, vulnerable yet resilient. They contain unique human dimensions that tie directly to food security, nutrition, and livelihood.
Everything we eat has environmental costs. We trade human health and nutrition for some necessary amount of environmental disturbance, though we should always strive to reduce our dietary impact. Seafood causes less environmental damage than any other animal proteins and should be considered in any low-impact diet.